Household composition

Headlines

  • The number of households in Surrey has increased by 5.2% since 2001
  • Average household size has increased in almost all of the districts and boroughs in Surrey, reversing a long established trend
  • More than a quarter of households contain one person living alone, although the proportion has fallen slightly since 2001
  • Three in ten households contain at least one dependent child
  • One in eight households contain a child under 5 years old
  • The proportion of lone parent households with dependent children increased from 4.0% to 4.7% between 2001 and 2011

Households

A household is defined as one person living alone, or a group of people (not necessarily related) living at the same address who share cooking facilities and share a living room, sitting room or dining area.

The 2011 Census recorded 455,791 households in Surrey, an increase of 5.2% since 2001. The biggest increase was in Epsom & Ewell (8.9%) and the smallest in Spelthorne (2.9%). The increase in the number of households was smaller in Surrey than in England as a whole where there was a 7.9% increase.
Table 1: Number of households by Local Authority – 2001 and 2011

2001 Census 2011 Census Change % Change
Surrey 433,176 455,791 22,615 5.2%
Elmbridge 50,621 52,922 2,301 4.5%
Epsom & Ewell 27,362 29,784 2,422 8.9%
Guildford 52,350 53,973 1,623 3.1%
Mole Valley 33,620 35,828 2,208 6.6%
Reigate & Banstead 51,694 55,423 3,729 7.2%
Runnymede 31,656 32,714 1,058 3.3%
Spelthorne 38,392 39,512 1,120 2.9%
Surrey Heath 31,721 33,546 1,825 5.8%
Tandridge 31,640 33,342 1,702 5.4%
Waverley 47,176 49,280 2,104 4.5%
Woking 36,941 39,467 2,526 6.8%
South East 3,287,489 3,555,463 267,974 8.2%
England 20,451,427 22,063,368 1,611,941 7.9%

Source: Office for National Statistics
Figure 1: Percentage change in number of households, 2001 to 2011

Source: Office for National Statistics

Household size

The average household size in Surrey increased from 2.38 in 2001 to 2.43 in 2011. This reverses a long established trend of decreasing household size. Average household size increased in all districts except Mole Valley and Tandridge, with the biggest increases in Epsom & Ewell and Woking. Average household size in England as a whole remained unchanged at 2.36.

More than a third (34.4%) of Surrey’s households contain 2 people and over a quarter (27.3%) are one person living alone. Larger households are more prevalent in England as a whole where 2.4% of households contain 6 or more people compared to the Surrey figure of 1.7%. The borough with the highest proportion of households with 6 or more people is Woking (2.5%)
Table 2: Average household size by Local Authority, 2001 and 2011

2001 Census 2011 Census
Surrey 2.38 2.43
Elmbridge 2.38 2.45
Epsom & Ewell 2.41 2.49
Guildford 2.37 2.43
Mole Valley 2.35 2.34
Reigate & Banstead 2.38 2.42
Runnymede 2.34 2.36
Spelthorne 2.34 2.4
Surrey Heath 2.48 2.52
Tandridge 2.44 2.43
Waverley 2.36 2.38
Woking 2.41 2.49
South East 2.38 2.38
England 2.36 2.36

Source: Office for National Statistics
Table 3: Household size by Local Authority, 2011

1 person 2 people 3 people 4 people 5 people 6 or more people
Surrey 27.3% 34.4% 15.9% 15.7% 5.0% 1.7%
Elmbridge 27.5% 33.0% 15.5% 17.2% 5.2% 1.6%
Epsom & Ewell 26.0% 33.0% 16.7% 17.4% 5.2% 1.7%
Guildford 26.7% 35.0% 16.1% 15.5% 5.0% 1.6%
Mole Valley 29.2% 35.5% 14.8% 14.3% 4.6% 1.5%
Reigate & Banstead 27.4% 34.2% 16.0% 15.8% 4.9% 1.7%
Runnymede 30.1% 33.3% 15.8% 14.4% 4.7% 1.8%
Spelthorne 28.5% 33.3% 16.9% 14.7% 4.9% 1.7%
Surrey Heath 23.5% 35.6% 16.5% 17.2% 5.3% 2.0%
Tandridge 26.7% 35.4% 15.4% 15.8% 4.9% 1.8%
Waverley 27.8% 36.1% 15.1% 14.5% 5.0% 1.5%
Woking 26.6% 33.3% 16.3% 15.9% 5.4% 2.5%
South East 28.8% 35.1% 15.5% 13.9% 4.7% 2.0%
England 30.2% 34.2% 15.6% 13.0% 4.7% 2.4%

Source: Office for National Statistics

People living alone

More than a quarter (27.3%) of Surrey’s households comprise of one person living alone. This proportion has fallen slightly since 2001 when 28.3% of households were a single person. The borough with the highest percentage of one person households is Runnymede (30.1%) and the lowest is Surrey Heath (23.5%). The proportion is lower than in England as a whole where 30.2% of households contain just one person. Households comprising one person aged over 65 only account for 12.6% of households. The highest proportion is in Mole Valley (14.7%) and the lowest in Surrey Heath (10.9%). The proportion of these households has fallen since 2001 when 14.3% comprised one person age 65 plus living alone.
Table 4: One person households by Local Authority, 2001 and 2011

One person household: Total One person household: Aged 65+
2001 Census 2011 Census change 2001 Census 2011 Census change
Surrey 28.3% 27.3% -1.0% 14.3% 12.6% -1.7%
Elmbridge 29.0% 27.5% -1.5% 15.1% 12.7% -2.4%
Epsom & Ewell 26.9% 26.0% -0.9% 14.9% 12.6% -2.3%
Guildford 29.1% 26.7% -2.3% 13.7% 11.4% -2.3%
Mole Valley 28.9% 29.2% 0.3% 16.0% 14.7% -1.3%
Reigate & Banstead 29.1% 27.4% -1.7% 14.4% 12.1% -2.3%
Runnymede 29.6% 30.1% 0.5% 14.8% 13.3% -1.5%
Spelthorne 29.5% 28.5% -1.0% 14.1% 12.7% -1.3%
Surrey Heath 23.7% 23.5% -0.3% 10.9% 10.9% 0.0%
Tandridge 27.0% 26.7% -0.2% 14.7% 13.1% -1.6%
Waverley 28.2% 27.8% -0.4% 15.3% 14.2% -1.0%
Woking 28.3% 26.6% -1.7% 12.9% 11.4% -1.5%
South East 28.5% 28.8% 0.3% 14.4% 12.7% -1.7%
England 30.1% 30.2% 0.1% 14.4% 12.4% -2.0%

Source: Office for National Statistics
Figure 2: All one person households by Local Authority, 2001 and 2011

Source: Office for National Statistics
Figure 3: Households comprising one person aged over 65 by Local Authority, 2001 and 2011

Source: Office for National Statistics

Households with dependent children

Almost a third (30.4%) of households in Surrey contain dependent children, with 18% having at least 2 dependent children. The borough with the highest proportion of households with dependent children is Elmbridge (33.4%) and the lowest is Runnymede (27.7%). The proportion is slightly higher than in England as a whole where 29.1% of households have dependent children, but nationally a higher proportion have just one child, 13.1% compared with 12.3% in Surrey. The proportion of households with dependent children has increased since 2001 when 28.9% of households contained dependent children.

Nearly one in eight (12.1%) households contain children under 5. The highest proportion is in Woking (14.1%) and the lowest in Mole Valley (9.9%). The proportion is slightly higher than in 2001 when 11.3% of households contained children under 5.
Table 5: Households with dependent children by Local Authority, 2011

Households with
one dependent child
Households with
2 or more dependent children
All households with
dependent children
% of households with children
who have only one child
households
with children under 5
Surrey 12.5% 18.0% 30.4% 41.0% 12.1%
Elmbridge 13.0% 20.4% 33.4% 39.0% 13.5%
Epsom & Ewell 12.8% 19.0% 31.9% 40.3% 12.2%
Guildford 12.1% 16.9% 29.0% 41.7% 11.6%
Mole Valley 11.1% 17.0% 28.1% 39.5% 9.9%
Reigate & Banstead 12.9% 18.2% 31.1% 41.5% 12.8%
Runnymede 12.3% 15.4% 27.7% 44.3% 11.5%
Spelthorne 13.5% 16.0% 29.5% 45.8% 12.1%
Surrey Heath 12.8% 19.4% 32.2% 39.8% 11.9%
Tandridge 12.3% 18.1% 30.4% 40.6% 11.4%
Waverley 11.2% 18.0% 29.3% 38.3% 11.3%
Woking 13.2% 18.7% 31.9% 41.4% 14.1%
South East 12.7% 16.7% 29.4% 43.2% 11.8%
England 13.1% 16.0% 29.1% 45.1% 11.8%

Source: Office for National Statistics
Figure 4: Households with dependent children by Local Authority, 2011

Source: Office for National Statistics
Figure 5: Households with children under 5 by Local Authority, 2011

Source: Office for National Statistics
Table 6: Households with dependent children by Local Authority, 2001 and 2011

households with dependent children households with children under 5
2001 Census 2011 Census change 2001 Census 2011 Census change
Surrey 28.9% 30.4% 1.6% 11.3% 12.1% 0.8%
Elmbridge 30.8% 33.4% 2.6% 12.4% 13.5% 1.1%
Epsom & Ewell 29.6% 31.9% 2.3% 11.4% 12.2% 0.8%
Guildford 27.1% 29.0% 1.9% 10.5% 11.6% 1.1%
Mole Valley 27.2% 28.1% 0.9% 10.4% 9.9% -0.5%
Reigate & Banstead 28.9% 31.1% 2.1% 11.6% 12.8% 1.2%
Runnymede 26.9% 27.7% 0.8% 10.7% 11.5% 0.8%
Spelthorne 27.8% 29.5% 1.7% 10.9% 12.1% 1.2%
Surrey Heath 32.0% 32.2% 0.2% 12.3% 11.9% -0.4%
Tandridge 29.9% 30.4% 0.5% 11.6% 11.4% -0.3%
Waverley 27.6% 29.3% 1.7% 10.6% 11.3% 0.7%
Woking 30.6% 31.9% 1.3% 12.1% 14.1% 2.0%
South East 29.2% 29.4% 0.2% 11.3% 11.8% 0.4%
England 29.5% 29.1% -0.3% 11.4% 11.8% 0.4%

Source: Office for National Statistics

Lone parent households with dependent children

Less than one in twenty (4.7%) of households in Surrey are lone parents with dependent children. Most have only one child (2.6% of all households). The borough with the highest proportion of lone parent households is Spelthorne (5.6%) and the lowest is Waverley (4.1%). The proportion of lone parent households is lower than in England as a whole where 7.1% of households are lone parents with dependent children. The proportion of lone parent households with dependent children has increased since 2001 when they comprised 4.0% of households.
Table 7: Lone parent households with dependent children by Local Authority, 2011

Lone Parent;
One Dependent Child
Lone Parent; Two or
More Dependent Children
Surrey 2.6% 2.1%
Elmbridge 2.8% 1.9%
Epsom & Ewell 2.8% 2.2%
Guildford 2.3% 1.9%
Mole Valley 2.2% 2.0%
Reigate & Banstead 2.9% 2.3%
Runnymede 2.8% 2.1%
Spelthorne 3.1% 2.5%
Surrey Heath 2.2% 2.0%
Tandridge 2.7% 2.1%
Waverley 2.1% 2.0%
Woking 2.5% 2.0%
South East 3.3% 2.7%
England 4.0% 3.1%

Source: Office for National Statistics
Figure 6: Lone parent households with dependent children by Local Authority, 2011

Source: Office for National Statistics
Table 8: Lone parent households with dependent children by Local Authority, 2001 and 2011

lone parent households with dependent children
2001 Census 2011 Census change
Surrey 4.0% 4.7% 0.7%
Elmbridge 4.5% 4.7% 0.2%
Epsom & Ewell 4.6% 5.0% 0.4%
Guildford 3.6% 4.2% 0.6%
Mole Valley 3.4% 4.2% 0.8%
Reigate & Banstead 3.6% 5.1% 1.5%
Runnymede 4.1% 4.9% 0.8%
Spelthorne 4.7% 5.6% 0.9%
Surrey Heath 4.2% 4.2% 0.0%
Tandridge 3.3% 4.8% 1.5%
Waverley 3.7% 4.1% 0.4%
Woking 4.6% 4.6% -0.1%
South East 5.2% 6.1% 0.9%
England 6.4% 7.1% 0.7%

Source: Office for National Statistics
Figure 7: Lone parent households with dependent children by Local Authority, 2001 and 2011

Source: Office for National Statistics